There is no such thing as anonymous anymore

With the prevalence of over-the counter DNA tests, anonymity in assisted reproduction is no longer practical

Uniform Acts

Uniform acts are created by the Uniform Law Commission and serve as a template for states to adopt laws. States may adopt all or a portion of a uniform law and usually make changes.

  • Uniform Parentage Act amended in 2017 to include protections for nonbiological parents (supporting parents) as well as laws regarding assisted reproduction. (WA, VT, RI, and CA have enacted a version of the 2017 UPA, and PA as introduced legislation.)
  • Uniform Adoption Act, proposed in 1994. Only Vermont has adopted it as law due to many issues with various state laws.

Adoption Laws

US laws vary state-by-state. While the US has improved access to orignial birth certificates (OBC), there is still a long way to go.

Adoption laws by state – Legal Information Institute, Cornell Law School

Adoption laws by state – Adoptee Rights Law Center

For more Info on Adoption Law.

Assisted Conception Laws

There are no federal laws regarding who may donate; a limit on the number of live births; and what information must be collected and maintained. The FDA does not require genetic testing of donated material. Only tests for HIV, Hepatitis, syphilis, Chlamydia, gonorrhea, CMV, and HTLV are required. See Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Title 21

WA: Uniform Parentage Act RCW 26.26A.600 Assisted Reproduction

  • Requires Cryobanks and fertility clinics to collect identifying information (donor’s full name, date of birth of donor, address of donor, and medical information to include present and past illness and social, genetic, and family history pertaining to the health of the donor).
  • Donors shall sign declaration (witnessed or notarized) stating if he/she wishes his/her identity to be disclosed once his/her DC child reaches the age of 18. The declaration can be changed at any time.
  • If a DC child at age 18 requests information regarding their donor, the Cryobank/fertility clinic must make a good faith effort to provide the DC child with the information if the donor allows his/her identity to be shared. If not, the Cryobank/fertility clinic should provide non-identifying medical information.

Vital Statistics Laws - Your Birth Certificate

Right to Know advocates for a change in all laws relating to birth certificates to include four parents: genetic father and genetic mother (who have no legal obligations or rights) and two supporting parents who are legal responsible for a child. Including genetic parents gives you the right to know your genetic history. Your genetic and supporting parents could be the same, your supporting parents could be your adoptive parents, or one could be a step parent.